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Ann Pharmacother. 2002 Dec;36(12):1887-9.

Acute cholestatic hepatitis associated with celecoxib.

Author information

  • 1Department of Internal Medicine, Catholic University of Sacred Heart, Rome, Italy. agrieco@rm.unicatt.it

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To report a case of acute cholestatic hepatitis associated with the selective cyclooxygenase-2 inhibitor celecoxib.

CASE SUMMARY:

A 41-year-old white man was hospitalized for jaundice after 2 doses of celecoxib 200 mg for pain associated with right-knee trauma. Laboratory workup showed hyperbilirubinemia, mildly elevated serum transaminase concentrations, and cholestasis. Abdominal imaging showed no dilation of the biliary tree. Histology showed cholestasis, with bile plugs in dilated bile canaliculi and a mild portal infiltrate that are highly suggestive of drug-induced cholestasis.

DISCUSSION:

This is the fourth report in the English-language literature describing cholestatic hepatitis temporally related to celecoxib use, the second supported by histologic findings typical of drug-induced cholestasis, and the first in a patient who denied use of alcoholic beverages and was taking no other drugs or herbal products at the time of the reaction. The Naranjo probability scale indicated that celecoxib was a probable cause of acute cholestatic hepatitis in this patient.

CONCLUSIONS:

Cholestatic hepatitis is a well-recognized adverse effect of several drugs. Although celecoxib is considered to have a very low potential for hepatic toxicity, well-documented reports of adverse reactions can contribute significantly to the definition of more accurate safety profiles for new drugs introduced into clinical practice.

Comment in

PMID:
12452750
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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