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Biochemistry. 2002 Dec 3;41(48):14248-54.

A new gene structure of the disintegrin family: a subunit of dimeric disintegrin has a short coding region.

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  • 1Department of Biochemistry, Meiji Pharmaceutical University, 2-522-1 Noshio, Kiyose, Tokyo 204-8588, Japan.


Disintegrin is a potent platelet aggregation inhibitor isolated from various snake venoms. The cDNA of the snake venom disintegrin family precursor is well-known to encode pre-peptide, metalloprotease, spacer, and disintegrin domains. Recently, new types of disintegrins, dimeric disintegrins, have been isolated, and their amino acid sequences were determined to be approximately 65 amino acid residues in each subunit. We isolated a novel heterodimeric disintegrin, acostatin, from the venom of Agkistrodon contortrix contortrix, which consisted of 63 and 64 amino acid residues in the alpha chain and beta chain, and both chains had the Arg-Gly-Asp (RGD) sequence for binding platelet GPIIb/IIIa. The cDNA lengths of the alpha chain and the beta chain of acostatin were 902 bp and 2031 bp, respectively. The acostatin alpha chain precursor, surprisingly, has the only disintegrin domain alone and lacked almost all of the pre-peptide and metalloprotease domains. The precursor of the acostatin beta chain belongs to a well-known motif of disintegrin precursors. Furthermore, both precursors of alpha and beta chains of another heterodimeric disintegrin, piscivostatin, also have the same domain structures as those of acostatin subunits. These results indicate that the cDNAs of heterodimeric disintegrin subunits have quite a different length of coding region and their precursors have a novel domain structure of disintegrin-family proteins.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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