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J Psychosom Res. 2002 Nov;53(5):963-74.

Ethnic/racial differences in weight-related concerns and behaviors among adolescent girls and boys: findings from Project EAT.

Author information

  • 1Division of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, 1300 South Second Street, Suite 300, Minneapolis, MN 55454, USA. neumark@epi.umn.edu

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To compare weight-related concerns and behaviors across ethnicity/race among a population-based sample of adolescent boys and girls.

METHODS:

The study population included 4746 adolescents from urban public schools in the state of Minnesota who completed surveys and anthropometric measurements as part of Project EAT (Eating Among Teens), a population-based study focusing on eating patterns and weight concerns among teenagers. Main outcome measures included measured body mass index (BMI), weight-related concerns (perceived weight status, weight disparity, body satisfaction and attitudes about weight control) and weight-related behaviors (general/specific weight control behaviors and binge eating).

RESULTS:

In comparison to White girls, African American girls tended to report fewer weight-related concerns/behaviors, while Hispanic, Asian American and Native American girls tended to report similar or more concerns/behaviors. Among boys, weight-related concerns/behaviors were equally or more prevalent among all non-Whites than among Whites. In particular, African American and Asian American boys were at greater risk for potentially harmful weight-related concerns/behaviors than White boys.

CONCLUSIONS:

Weight-related concerns and behaviors are prevalent among adolescents, regardless of their ethnic/racial background, indicating a need for prevention and treatment efforts that reach adolescents of different ethnic backgrounds. However, ethnic differences demonstrate a need for ensuring that the specific needs of different groups are addressed in the development of such interventions.

Copyright 2002 Elsevier Science Inc.

PMID:
12445586
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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