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J Trauma. 2002 Nov;53(5):946-9.

The injury severity score in pregnant trauma patients: predicting placental abruption and fetal death.

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  • 1School of Public Health, Department of Epidemiology, University of Washington, Seattle, USA.



The Injury Severity Score (ISS) is the national standard for injury severity assessment but has been rarely validated in the pregnant population.


We evaluated 294 pregnant women who were hospitalized for injury in Washington State from 1989 to 1997. We used ICDMAP-90 computer software to assign an ISS to all women. We identified injured pregnant women who experienced a placental abruption or a fetal death using the Washington State delivery hospitalization data and the birth certificate or fetal death records. We evaluated the accuracy of the ISS in predicting these adverse outcomes using sensitivity analysis.


We found that the ISS was not accurate in predicting placental abruption and fetal death. We also found that relatively minor injuries were associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes.


A more comprehensive injury assessment tool is needed to accurately predict adverse outcomes in the pregnant trauma population.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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