Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2002 Nov 22;299(1):49-56.

Human brain acyl-CoA hydrolase isoforms encoded by a single gene.

Author information

  • 1Department of Clinical Biochemistry, Tokyo University of Pharmacy and Life Science, Hachioji, 192-0392, Tokyo, Japan.


Acyl-CoA hydrolases are a group of enzymes that catalyze the hydrolysis of acyl-CoA thioesters to free fatty acids and CoA-SH. The human brain acyl-CoA hydrolase (BACH) gene comprises 13 exons, generating several isoforms through the alternative use of exons. Four first exons (1a-1d) can be used, and three patterns of splicing occur at exon X located between exons 7 and 8 that contains an internal 3(')-splice acceptor site and creates premature stop codons. When examined with green fluorescent protein-fusion constructs expressed in Neuro-2a cells, the nuclear localization signal encoded by exon 9 was functional by itself, whereas the whole structure was cytosolic, suggesting nuclear translocation of the enzyme. This was consistent with dual staining of the cytosol and nucleus in certain neurons by immunohistochemistry using anti-BACH antibody. The mitochondrial targeting signals encoded by exons 1b and 1c were also functional and directed mitochondrial localization of BACH isoforms with the signals. Although BACH mRNA containing the sequence derived from exon 1a, but not exon X, was exclusively expressed in human brain, these results suggest that the human BACH gene can express long-chain acyl-CoA hydrolase activity in multiple intracellular compartments by generating BACH isoforms with differential localization signals to affect various cellular functions that involve acyl-CoAs.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk