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J Am Chem Soc. 2002 Nov 20;124(46):13642-3.

Benzyl alcohol and transition metal chlorides as a versatile reaction system for the nonaqueous and low-temperature synthesis of crystalline nano-objects with controlled dimensionality.

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  • 1Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of California, Santa Barbara, California 93106, USA.


The reaction of transition metal chlorides with benzyl alcohol leads at low temperatures to oxidic nanostructures with low-dimensional particle shapes such as nearly spherical titania anatase nanoparticles, vanadium oxide nanorods, and tungsten oxide nanoplatelets. The process is simple, allows a scale-up in gram quantities, and leads to highly crystalline materials. Ethanol solutions containing tungsten oxide nanoparticles exhibit blue luminescence upon UV irradiation at room temperature.

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