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Can J Physiol Pharmacol. 2002 Sep;80(9):872-8.

The effect of epidermal growth factor on the distribution of SGLT-1 in rabbit jejunum.

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  • 1Gastrointestinal Research Group, University of Calgary, AB, Canada.


The effect of epidermal growth factor (EGF) on the cellular and villous distribution of the sugar transporter SGLT-1 was examined. New Zealand White rabbits (1 kg) were anesthetized, and two jejunal blind loops were isolated and exposed to either 0.9% saline or EGF (60 ng/mL saline), for 1 h. In separate experiments, tissue was harvested for brush border membrane vesicles (BBMV), microsomal membranes, or fixed for immunohistochemistry. SGLT-1 was measured in membrane fractions by Western immunoblot or localized along the villus-crypt axis by immunofluorescent microscopy. EGF increased BBMV SGLT-1 content compared with paired controls. EGF stimulation also induced a corresponding decrease in microsomal SGLT-1 levels and induced the expression of additional SGLT-1 immunoreactivity further down the villus axis. The findings suggest that EGF upregulates intestinal glucose transport by stimulating the translocation of SGLT-1 from an internal microsomal pool into the brush border, thereby recruiting more villus enterocytes into the glucose transporting population.

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