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J Abnorm Psychol. 2002 Nov;111(4):687-93.

Nicotine and familial vulnerability to schizophrenia: a discordant twin study.

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  • 1Department of Psychology, Boston University, Massachusetts 02215, USA. mlyons@bu.edu

Abstract

Tobacco use is significantly associated with schizophrenia. However, it is not clear if smoking is associated with the illness itself, treatment, or underlying vulnerability to the disease. Smoking was studied in a sample of schizophrenic probands (n = 24), their unaffected co-twins (n = 24), and controls (n = 3,347). Unaffected co-twins had higher rates of daily smoking than controls. Probands and co-twins were more frequently unsuccessful in attempts to quit than controls. Probands reported shaky hands and depression following smoking cessation more often than controls, whereas unaffected co-twins reported difficulty concentrating, drowsiness, nervousness, and headache following smoking cessation more often than controls. Results are consistent with the hypothesis that nicotine use is influenced by familial vulnerability to schizophrenia, not just clinical schizophrenia per se.

PMID:
12428784
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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