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EMBO J. 2002 Nov 15;21(22):5985-95.

Dynamic interaction of CD2 with the GYF and the SH3 domain of compartmentalized effector molecules.

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  • 1Protein Engineering Group and Molecular Modeling Group, Forschungsinstitut für Molekulare Pharmakologie and Freie Universität Berlin, Robert-Rössle-Strasse 10, D-13125 Berlin, Germany.


Intracellular protein interaction domains are essential for eukaryotic signaling. In T cells, the CD2BP2 adaptor binds two membrane-proximal proline-rich motifs in the CD2 cytoplasmic tail via its GYF domain, thereby regulating interleukin-2 production. Here we present the structure of the GYF domain in complex with a CD2 tail peptide. Unlike SH3 domains, which use two surface pockets to accommodate proline residues of ligands, the GYF domain employs phylogenetically conserved hydrophobic residues to create a single interaction surface. NMR analysis shows that the Fyn but not the Lck tyrosine kinase SH3 domain competes with CD2BP2 GYF-domain binding to the same CD2 proline-rich sequence in vitro. To test the in vivo significance of this competition, we used co-immunoprecipitation experiments and found that CD2BP2 is the ligand of the membrane-proximal proline-rich tandem repeat of CD2 in detergent-soluble membrane compartments, but is replaced by Fyn SH3 after CD2 is translocated into lipid rafts upon CD2 ectodomain clustering. This unveils the mechanism of a switch of CD2 function due to an extracellular mitogenic signal.

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