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Anal Biochem. 2002 Sep 15;308(2):239-46.

Analysis of peptide affinity to major histocompatibility complex proteins for the two-step binding mechanism.

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  • 1Corixa Corporation, South San Francisco, California 94080, USA.


A novel approach to the analysis of an equilibrium two-step peptide-protein binding is developed and applied to the experimental data. The first step of the process is the release of an endogenous peptide from a binding groove and the second is the binding of an added peptide. The method developed enables us to determine consequently the maximum protein occupancy level (protein-binding capacity), the dissociation constant of an endogenous peptide, and the dissociation constant of a binding (antigenic) peptide. It is shown and confirmed by experimental data that the value of an equilibrium dissociation constant of a binding peptide could be much less than the experimental value of ED(50) (concentration of added peptide required to bind half of the protein), but not equal to that commonly assumed for major histocompatibility complex (MHC)-peptide binding. The model considered gives a clear understanding of why some peptides may be good binders to MHC protein in vitro, but do not exhibit anticipated activity on the cellular level and vice versa.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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