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Health Care Women Int. 2002 Sep-Nov;23(6-7):600-11.

Social network and role demands in women's Type 2 diabetes: a model.

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  • 1Department for Public Health and Caring Sciences, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.


Type 2 diabetes is a common chronic disease in middle-aged and older women. The social network, although an important source of support, can place conflicting demands on women who cope with a chronic disorder. Because this paradoxical situation can be a burden for many women a model was constructed to systematically investigate social network demands in women's Type 2 diabetes. In developing the model, network theory provided the framework and an extensive literature review determined which network components should be included. Material from our individual and focus group interviews was used to clarify the model. Traditional gender roles in the home, obligation profiles at the workplace, cultural expectations on women's bodies, and prejudice about the psychological etiology of women's diseases in health care, could all contribute to women's experiencing role conflict in their daily diabetes management. To systematically investigate potential deterrents to women's self-care, questions that address the different components of women's social networks are proposed.

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