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J Clin Invest. 2002 Nov;110(9):1275-82.

In vivo regulation of plasminogen function by plasma carboxypeptidase B.

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  • 1Department of Molecular Cardiology, Cleveland Clinic Foundation, Cleveland, Ohio 44195, USA.


The major functions of plasminogen (Plg) in fibrinolysis and cell migration depend on its binding to carboxy-terminal lysyl residues. The ability of plasma carboxypeptidase B (pCPB) to remove these residues suggests that it may act as a suppressor of these Plg functions. To evaluate this role of pCPB in vivo, homozygote pCPB-deficient mice were generated by homologous recombination, and the resulting pCPB(-/-) mice, which were viable and healthy, were mated to Plg(-/-) mice. Plg(+/-) mice show intermediate levels of fibrinolysis and cell migration compared with Plg wild-type and deficient mice, reflecting the intermediate levels of the Plg antigen in their plasma. Differences in Plg-dependent functions between pCPB(+/+), pCPB(+/-), and pCPB(-/-) mice were then analyzed in a Plg(+/-) background. In a pulmonary clot lysis model, fibrinolysis was significantly increased in mice with partial (pCPB(+/-)) or total absence (pCPB(-/-)) of pCPB compared with their wild-type counterparts (pCPB(+/+)). In a thioglycollate model of peritoneal inflammation, leukocyte migration at 72 hours increased significantly in Plg(+/-)/pCPB(+/-) and Plg(+/-)/pCPB(-/-) compared with their wild-type counterparts. These studies demonstrate a definitive role of pCPB as a modulator of the pivotal functions of Plg in fibrinolysis and cell migration in vivo.

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