Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Altern Med Rev. 2002 Oct;7(5):370-88.

The interaction of cigarette smoking and antioxidants. Part I: diet and carotenoids.

Author information

  • 1Alternative Medicine Review, 179 Dwight Street, Apt. 303, New Haven, CT 06511, USA.


It is logical that the requirement for antioxidant nutrients depends on a person's exposure to endogenous and exogenous reactive oxygen species. Since cigarette smoking results in an increased cumulative exposure to reactive oxygen species from both sources, it would seem cigarette smokers would have an increased requirement for antioxidant nutrients. Logic dictates that a diet high in antioxidant-rich foods such as fruits, vegetables, and spices would be both protective and a prudent preventive strategy for smokers. This review examines available evidence of fruit and vegetable intake, and supplementation of antioxidant compounds by smokers in an attempt to make more appropriate nutritional recommendations to this population.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Thorne Research, Inc.
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk