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Mol Cell. 2002 Sep;10(3):671-81.

Crystal structure of the RuvA-RuvB complex: a structural basis for the Holliday junction migrating motor machinery.

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  • 1Biomolecular Engineering Research Institute, Suita, Osaka, Japan.


We present the X-ray structure of the RuvA-RuvB complex, which plays a crucial role in ATP-dependent branch migration. Two RuvA tetramers form the symmetric and closed octameric shell, where four RuvA domain IIIs spring out in the two opposite directions to be individually caught by a single RuvB. The binding of domain III deforms the protruding beta hairpin in the N-terminal domain of RuvB and thereby appears to induce a functional and less symmetric RuvB hexameric ring. The model of the RuvA-RuvB junction DNA ternary complex, constructed by fitting the X-ray structure into the averaged electron microscopic images of the RuvA-RuvB junction, appears to be more compatible with the branch migration mode of a fixed RuvA-RuvB interaction than with a rotational interaction mode.

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