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Chem Biol. 2002 Oct;9(10):1109-18.

Multisite and multivalent binding between cyanovirin-N and branched oligomannosides: calorimetric and NMR characterization.

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  • 1Molecular Targets Discovery Program, NCI Center for Cancer Research, National Cancer Institute, NCI-Frederick, Frederick, MD 21702, USA.


Binding of the protein cyanovirin-N to oligomannose-8 and oligomannose-9 of gp120 is crucially involved in its potent virucidal activity against the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). The interaction between cyanovirin-N and these oligosaccharides has not been thoroughly characterized due to aggregation of the oligosaccharide-protein complexes. Here, cyanovirin-N's interaction with a nonamannoside, a structural analog of oligomannose-9, has been studied by nuclear magnetic resonance and isothermal titration calorimetry. The nonamannoside interacts with cyanovirin-N in a multivalent fashion, resulting in tight complexes with an average 1:1 stoichiometry. Like the nonamannoside, an alpha1-->2-linked trimannoside substructure interacts with cyanovirin-N at two distinct protein subsites. The chitobiose and internal core trimannoside substructures of oligomannose-9 are not recognized by cyanovirin-N, and binding of the core hexamannoside occurs at only one of the sites on the protein. This is the first detailed analysis of a biologically relevant interaction between cyanovirin-N and high-mannose oligosaccharides of HIV-1 gp120.

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