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Mol Cell Neurosci. 2002 Oct;21(2):285-300.

Interkinetic nuclear movement may provide spatial clues to the regulation of neurogenesis.

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  • 1Departamento de Biomatemática, Facultad de Ciencias Biológicas, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Ciudad Universitaria, E-28040 Madrid, Spain.


During the transition from S phase to mitosis, vertebrate neuroepithelial cells displace their nuclei and subsequently migrate from the basal membrane to the apical surface of the neuroepithelium, a phenomenon termed interkinetic nuclear movement (INM). Here we provide evidence that cycling neuroepithelial cells pass through a neurogenic state in which they are situated apically, as defined by the capacity to express Notch1, Delta1, and Neurogenin2 (Ngn2). Based on this scenario, we have developed a mathematical model to analyze the influence of INM on neurogenesis. In the absence of INM, the model predicted an increase in the rate of neurogenesis due to the reduction in the influence of inhibitory signals on cells in the neurogenic state. This exacerbation in neurogenesis led to the diminished growth of the neuroepithelium and a reduction in the later production of neurons. Pharmacological perturbation of the stereotypical distribution of precursors along the orthogonal axis of the neuroepithelium resulted in an excess of neurogenesis, as seen by the expression of Ngn2, and of the neuronal marker RA4 in the retina. These findings suggest that INM might be important for the efficient and continued production of neurons in G0, since it is involved in defining a proneural cluster in the ventricular part of the neuroepithelium that contains precursors at stages of the mitotic cycle compatible with neuronal differentiation.

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