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Biochim Biophys Acta. 2002 Nov 13;1579(1):64-71.

AhSL28, a senescence- and phosphate starvation-induced S-like RNase gene in Antirrhinum.

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  • 1Institute of Genetics and Developmental Biology, The Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100080, China.


Several species of higher plants have been found to contain S-like ribonucleases (RNases), which are homologous to S-RNases controlling self-incompatibility. No S-like RNase genes have been isolated from self-incompatible Antirrhinum. To investigate the relationship between S- and S-like RNases, we cloned a gene named AhSL28 encoding an S-like RNase in Antirrhinum. Amino acid sequence, genomic structure and phylogenetic analyses indicated that AhSL28 is most similar to RNS2, an S-like RNase from Arabidopsis thaliana and formed a distinct subclass together with several other S-like RNases within the S-RNase superfamily. Unlike S-RNase genes in Antirrhinum, AhSL28 is not only expressed in pistils but also in leaves, petals, sepals and anthers, in particular, showing a strong expression in vascular tissues and transmitting track. Moreover, its RNA transcripts were induced during leaf senescence and phosphate (Pi) starvation but not by wounding, indicating that AhSL28 plays a role in remobilizing Pi and other nutrients, particularly when cells senesce and are under limited Pi conditions in Antirrhinum. Possible evolutionary relations of S- and S-like RNases as well as signal transduction pathways related to S-like RNase action are discussed.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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