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J Mol Evol. 2002 Nov;55(5):595-605.

A novel gene family in moss (Physcomitrella patens) shows sequence homology and a phylogenetic relationship with the TIR-NBS class of plant disease resistance genes.

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  • 1Department of Plant Biology, Genetics Centre, SLU, P.O. Box 7080, S-750 07 Uppsala, Sweden.

Abstract

Plant disease resistance (R) genes encode proteins in which several motifs of the nucleotide-binding region (NBS) are highly conserved. Using degenerate primers designed according to the kinase 1 (P-loop) and hydrophobic (HD) motifs of the R gene NBS domains, homologous sequences were cloned from moss (Physcomitrella patens; phylum Bryophyta) representing an ancient nonvascular plant. A novel gene family (PpC) with at least eight homologous members was found. Expression of five members was detected. The level of expression was dependent on the developmental stage of moss, being higher in the gametophyte tissue than in the protonema tissue. The PpCs contained the conserved motifs characteristic of the NBS regions of R genes, and a kinase domain was found upstream from the NBS region. Phylogenetic analysis using the deduced NBS amino acid sequences of the PpCs and the plant genes available in databanks indicated that the PpCs show the closest relationship with the TIR-NBS class of R genes. No significant similarity to plant genes other than R genes was observed. These findings shed novel light on the evolutionary history of the R gene families, suggesting that the NBS region characteristic of the TIR-NBS class of R-like genes evolved prior to the evolutionary differentiation of vascular and nonvascular plants.

PMID:
12399933
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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