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Surg Endosc. 2003 Feb;17(2):242-6. Epub 2002 Oct 29.

Comparison of surgical stress between laparoscopic and open colonic resections.

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  • 1Klinikum Salzgitter, Salzgitter, Germany.



The magnitude of surgical trauma after laparoscopic and open colonic resection was evaluated by examining postoperative serum values of interleukin-6 (IL-6), IL-10, C-reactive protein (CRP), and granulocyte elastase (GE) for further evidence of the benefit realized with minimally invasive approaches in colonic surgery.


Altogether, 42 patients with Crohn's disease (n = 20) or colon carcinomas/adenomas (n = 22) were matched by age, gender, body mass index (BMI), and Crohn's Disease Activity Index for either a laparoscopic (n = 21) or an open colonic resection (n = 21). In both groups the postoperative serum levels of IL-6, IL-10, C-RP, and granulocyte elastase were determined, as indicators of surgical stress.


Laparoscopic and open colonic resection caused a significant increase in serum IL-6, IL-10, CRP, and granulocyte elastase levels. The comparison between laparoscopic and open colonic resections, however, showed significantly lower serum IL-6, IL-10, CRP, and granulocyte elastase levels after laparoscopic colonic resection, which was most evident for IL-6 and granulocyte elastase.


Our study demonstrated that IL-6 and granulocyte elastase may be appropriated particularly to monitor surgical stress. By using these parameters, we found a significant reduction in surgical trauma after laparoscopic surgery, was compared with the open procedure. This supports the clinical findings of a clear benefit for patients undergoing laparoscopic colonic surgery.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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