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Blood. 2003 Jan 1;101(1):101-3. Epub 2002 Aug 15.

Acute sickle cell hepatopathy represents a potential contraindication for percutaneous liver biopsy.

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  • 1Institute of Liver Studies and the Department of Haematological Medicine, King's College Hospital, London, United Kingdom. nadawho@hotmail.com

Abstract

After several complications following percutaneous liver biopsy in patients with sickle cell disease, we reviewed our experience. We examined 14 patients with sickle cell disease who underwent a percutaneous liver biopsy. Clinicopathologic findings were correlated with outcome. Of 14 patients, 5 (36%) suffered serious hemorrhage; 4 died (80%; 28% of all patients). None of the 9 patients without biopsy complications was in an acute sickling crisis at the time of biopsy; 4 of 5 patients with complications were in acute sickling crisis. Of the 5 patients with complications, 4 underwent biopsy for an emergency indication. Chronic venous outflow obstruction, marked hepatic sequestration of erythrocytes, and sinusoidal dilatation were strongly associated with complications. Data obtained by biopsy in group 1 were not of substantial value in clinical management, in contrast to group 2 (8/9; 89%). Acute hepatic disease complicating sickle cell anemia represents a newly identified contraindication to percutaneous liver biopsy.

PMID:
12393551
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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