Display Settings:


Send to:

Choose Destination
We are sorry, but NCBI web applications do not support your browser and may not function properly. More information
Blood. 2003 Jan 15;101(2):508-16. Epub 2002 Sep 19.

Expression of CD41 marks the initiation of definitive hematopoiesis in the mouse embryo.

Author information

  • 1Department of Hematology/Oncology, Children's Hospital, Boston, MA, USA.


Murine hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) originate from mesoderm in a process that requires the transcription factor SCL/Tal1. To define steps in the commitment to blood cell fate, we compared wild-type and SCL(-/-) embryonic stem cell differentiation in vitro and identified CD41 (GpIIb) as the earliest surface marker missing from SCL(-/-) embryoid bodies (EBs). Culture of fluorescence-activated cell sorter (FACS) purified cells from EBs showed that definitive hematopoietic progenitors were highly enriched in the CD41(+) fraction, whereas endothelial cells developed from CD41(-) cells. In the mouse embryo, expression of CD41 was detected in yolk sac blood islands and in fetal liver. In yolk sac and EBs, the panhematopoietic marker CD45 appeared in a subpopulation of CD41(+) cells. However, multilineage hematopoietic colonies developed not only from CD45(+)CD41(+) cells but also from CD45(-)CD41(+) cells, suggesting that CD41 rather than CD45 marks the definitive culture colony-forming unit (CFU-C) at the embryonic stage. In contrast, fetal liver CFU-C was CD45(+), and only a subfraction expressed CD41, demonstrating down-regulation of CD41 by the fetal liver stage. In yolk sac and EBs, CD41 was coexpressed with embryonic HSC markers c-kit and CD34. Sorting for CD41 and c-kit expression resulted in enrichment of definitive hematopoietic progenitors. Furthermore, the CD41(+) c-kit(+) population was missing from runx1/AML1(-/-) EBs that lack definitive hematopoiesis. These results suggest that the expression of CD41, a candidate target gene of SCL/Tal1, and c-kit define the divergence of definitive hematopoiesis from endothelial cells during development. Although CD41 is commonly referred to as megakaryocyte-platelet integrin in adult hematopoiesis, these results implicate a wider role for CD41 during murine ontogeny.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text

LinkOut - more resources

Full Text Sources

Other Literature Sources

Molecular Biology Databases


PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk