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Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2002 Oct 29;99(22):14206-11. Epub 2002 Oct 21.

Inositol pyrophosphates regulate endocytic trafficking.

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  • 1Department of Neuroscience, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, 725 North Wolfe Street, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA.


The high energy potential and rapid turnover of the recently discovered inositol pyrophosphates, such as diphosphoinositol-pentakisphosphate and bis-diphosphoinositol-tetrakisphosphate, suggest a dynamic cellular role, but no specific functions have yet been established. Using several yeast mutants with defects in inositol phosphate metabolism, we identify dramatic membrane defects selectively associated with deficient formation of inositol pyrophosphates. We show that this phenotype reflects specific abnormalities in endocytic pathways and not other components of membrane trafficking. Thus, inositol pyrophosphates are major regulators of endocytosis.

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