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Mol Cell Biol. 2002 Nov;22(22):8056-66.

High osmolarity extends life span in Saccharomyces cerevisiae by a mechanism related to calorie restriction.

Author information

  • 1Longenity, Inc., Waltham, Massachusetts 02451, USA. matt@longenity.com

Abstract

Calorie restriction (CR) extends life span in many different organisms, including mammals. We describe here a novel pathway that extends the life span of Saccharomyces cerevisiae mother cells but does not involve a reduction in caloric content of the media, i.e., there is growth of yeast cells in the presence of a high concentration of external osmolytes. Like CR, this longevity-promoting response to high osmolarity requires SIR2, suggesting a common mechanism of life span regulation. Genetic and microarray analysis indicates that high osmolarity extends the life span by activating Hog1p, leading to an increase in the biosynthesis of glycerol from glycolytic intermediates. This metabolic shift likely increases NAD levels, thereby activating Sir2p and promoting longevity.

PMID:
12391171
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC134739
Free PMC Article
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