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Autoimmunity. 2002 May;35(3):183-90.

Vaccination with a MHC class II peptide attenuates cellular and humoral responses against tAChR and suppresses clinical EAMG.

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  • 1Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX 77030, USA. moshima@bcm.tmc.edu


An animal model of myasthenia gravis (MG), termed experimental autoimmune MG (EAMG), can be induced in C57BL/6 (B6, H-2b) mice by immunization with Torpedo californica acetylcholine receptor (tAChR). We have investigated the effect of vaccination with MHC class II peptide I-A beta(b)62-76 on clinical EAMG and on T cell and antibody (Ab) responses against tAChR. B6 mice were vaccinated with the peptide (25 microg/mouse) four times prior to two injections with tAChR. The incidence of clinical EAMG in vaccinated mice was 14% (3 out of 22 mice) compared to 48% (17 out of 35 mice) in control non-vaccinated or PBS-immunized mice. The T cells of the vaccinated group showed lower proliferative responses to tAChR and to T-cell epitope-containing tAChR alpha-chain peptides than the T cells of controls. In addition, the Ab responses in the vaccinated group was also lower against tAChR and some of the B-cell epitope-containing tAChR alpha-chain peptides.

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