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Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol. 2003 Feb;284(2):R574-85. Epub 2002 Oct 10.

COX-2 and prostanoid expression in micturition pathways after cyclophosphamide-induced cystitis in the rat.

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  • 1Departments of Neurology, Anatomy and Neurobiology, and Surgery, University of Vermont College of Medicine, Burlington, Vermont 05405, USA.

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to determine the role of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) and its metabolites in lower urinary tract function after induction of acute (4 h), intermediate (48 h), or chronic (10 day) cyclophosphamide (CYP)-induced cystitis. Bladders were harvested from euthanized female rats for analyses. Conscious cystometry was used to assess the effects of a COX-2-specific inhibitor, 5,5-dimethyl-3-(3-fluorophenyl)-4-(4-methylsulfonyl)phenyl2(5H)-furanone (DFU, 5 mg/kg sc), a disubstituted furanone, in CYP-induced cystitis. COX-2 mRNA was increased in inflamed bladders after acute (12-fold) and chronic (9-fold) treatment. COX-2 protein expression in inflamed bladders paralleled COX-2 mRNA expression. Prostaglandin D2-methoxime expression in the bladder was significantly (P < or = 0.01) increased in acute (3-fold) and chronic (5.5-fold) cystitis. Prostaglandin E2 was significantly (P < or = 0.01) increased (2-fold) in the bladder with intermediate (1.7-fold) and chronic (2.6-fold) cystitis. COX-2-immunoreactive cell profiles were distributed throughout the inflamed bladder and coexpressed histamine immunoreactivity. Conscious cystometry in rats treated with CYP + DFU showed increased micturition intervals 4 and 48 h after CYP treatment and decreased intravesical pressures during filling and micturition compared with rats treated with CYP + vehicle. These studies suggest an involvement of urinary bladder COX-2 and its metabolites in altered micturition reflexes with CYP-induced cystitis.

PMID:
12388444
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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