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Am J Physiol Renal Physiol. 2003 Jan;284(1):F122-32. Epub 2002 Aug 21.

Characterization of PMCA isoforms and their contribution to transcellular Ca2+ flux in MDCK cells.

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  • 1Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota 55905, USA.


Plasma membrane Ca(2+) ATPases (PMCAs) are ubiquitous in Ca(2+)-transporting organs, including the kidney. Using RT-PCR, we detected PMCA1b, PMCA2b (rare), and PMCA4b in Madin-Darby canine kidney (MDCK) cells. At the protein level, only PMCA1 and PMCA4 were readily detected and were highly enriched in the basolateral membrane. The Na(+)/Ca(2+) exchanger NCX1 was also detected at the transcript and protein level. A functional assay measuring (45)Ca(2+) flux across MDCK cell monolayers under resting conditions indicated that two-thirds of apicobasolateral Ca(2+) transport was provided by Na(+)/Ca(2+) exchanger and one-third by PMCAs, as determined in Na(+)-free media and using various PMCA inhibitors (La(3+), vanadate, calmidazolium, and trifluoroperazine). The importance of PMCA4b for basolateral Ca(2+) efflux was demonstrated by overexpression of PMCA4b or antisense knockdown of endogenous PMCA4b. Overexpression of PMCA4b increased apicobasolateral Ca(2+) transport to approximately 140%, whereas antisense treatment reduced Ca(2+) flux approximately 45% compared with controls. The MDCK system is thus an ideal model for functional studies of the specific role and regulation of PMCA isoforms in Ca(2+) reabsorption in the distal kidney.

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