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Vet Res. 2002 Sep-Oct;33(5):547-62.

Use of anthelmintics in herbivores and evaluation of risks for the non target fauna of pastures.

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  • 1Laboratoire de Zoogéographie, Université Paul Valéry-Montpellier 3, France. jean-pierre.lumaret@univ-montp3.fr

Abstract

The overall purpose ofthis paperwas to review the major and most recent literature relating the effects of anthelmintics on dung breeding invertebrates and dung degradation. Faecal residues or metabolites of drugs belonging to the benzimidazole and levamisole/morantel groups are relatively harmless to dung fauna, on the contrary to other anthelmintics such as coumaphos, dichlorvos, phenothiazine, piperazine, synthetic pyrethroids, and most macrocyclic lactones which have been shown to be highly toxic for dung beetles (abamectin, ivermectin, eprinomectin, doramectin), among which moxidectin was the less toxic for dung beetles. To date, the detrimental impact upon non-target organisms has been considered acceptable in eradicating the parasites because of their economic importance to commercial livestock production. The consequences of routine treatments are discussed with consideration of the long-term consequences for cow pat fauna and sustainable pastureland ecology.

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