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Food Chem Toxicol. 2002 Oct;40(10):1311-25.

Drinking water and cardiovascular disease.

Author information

  • 1Laboratoire Hydrologie, Environnement et Santé Publique, Faculté de Pharmacie, Clermont-Ferrand, France. m-pierre.sauvant@u-clermont1.fr

Abstract

A link between cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality and the hardness of drinking water (DW) is suggested by about 30 epidemiological studies performed worldwide in the general population since 1957. This review examines the main ecological studies, case-control studies and cohort studies, published between 1960 and 2000. Attention is paid to the problem of interpretation of this typical result of environmental epidemiology. Some studies focused on the role played by inorganic elements known as DW contaminants (mainly, As, Pb) and above all on the role of the magnesium content of DW and its cardioprotective effects. To date, it would be impossible to understand this environmental findings without large intervention studies performed in well-controlled public health programs.

PMID:
12387296
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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