Display Settings:


Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Neuropharmacology. 2002 Oct;43(5):868-76.

Nitric oxide synergistically potentiates interleukin-1 beta-induced increase of cyclooxygenase-2 mRNA levels, resulting in the facilitation of substance P release from primary afferent neurons: involvement of cGMP-independent mechanisms.

Author information

  • 1Department of Pharmacology, Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, Hiroshima University, Kasumi 1-2-3, Minami-ku, Hiroshima 734-8551, Japan.


We previously demonstrated that cultured rat dorsal root ganglion (DRG) cells respond to stimulation with interleukin-1 beta (IL-1 beta) by releasing substance P (SP), and this response is regulated via the cyclooxygenase (COX)-2 pathway. In this study, to ascertain the interaction between nitric oxide (NO) and prostaglandins in primary afferent neurons, we investigated the effect of NO on the IL-1 beta-induced release of SP in cultured DRG cells. An NO donor, S-nitroso-N-acetyl-DL-penicillamine (SNAP), did not in itself evoke SP release. However, it potentiated the IL-1 beta-induced release of SP. Similarly, while SNAP did not elicit the expression of COX-2 mRNA, it potentiated the expression induced by IL-1 beta in cultured DRG cells, and this potentiation was significantly suppressed by the NO scavenger, 2-(4-carboxyphenyl)-4,4,5,5-tetramethylimidazoline-1-oxyl 3-oxide (carboxy-PTIO). Moreover, SNAP also potentiated the expression of COX-2 protein induced by IL-1 beta in cultured DRG cells. The stimulatory effect of SNAP on the IL-1 beta-induced release of SP was completely inhibited on co-incubation with a selective COX-2 inhibitor, NS-398. 1H-[1,2,4]oxadiazolo[4,3-a]quinoxaline-1-one (ODQ), a potent inhibitor of soluble guanylate cyclase, did not suppress, and a membrane-permeable cGMP analogue, 8-Br-cGMP, did not mimic the stimulatory effects of SNAP in DRG cells. These results suggest that in cultured DRG cells, NO potentiates the IL-1 beta-induced increase in COX-2 expression via a soluble guanylate cyclase-cGMP-independent pathway, resulting in facilitation of SP release. The interaction between NO and COX in primary afferent neurons might contribute to the change in nociceptive perception in inflammatory hyperalgesia.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk