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Singapore Med J. 2002 Jun;43(6):318-23.

Surgical management of pituitary adenomas.

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  • 1Department of Neurosurgery, University of Virginia Health Sciences Center, Charlottesville 22908, USA.


Pituitary adenomas are a diverse group of benign neoplasms. The hormonally active tumours present with well-recognised syndromes and include acromegaly (growth hormone adenoma), Cushing's disease (corticotropin adenoma), and amenorrhea-galactorrhea (prolactin adenoma or prolactinomas). The hormonally inactive, or clinically non-secreting, adenomas generally come to clinical attention secondary to local mass effect or pituitary deficiency. With the exception of the prolactinomas, transsphenoidal surgery remains the first-line therapy for most pituitary adenomas. The current diagnosis and surgical management of pituitary adenomas is discussed.

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