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J Biol Chem. 2002 Dec 6;277(49):47263-9. Epub 2002 Oct 9.

Intra- and intermolecular interactions between intracellular domains of receptor protein-tyrosine phosphatases.

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  • 1Hubrecht Laboratory, Netherlands Institute for Developmental Biology, Uppsalalaan 8, Utrecht 3584 CT, The Netherlands.


The presence of two protein-tyrosine phosphatase (PTP) domains is a striking feature in most transmembrane receptor PTPs (RPTPs). The generally inactive membrane-distal PTP domains (RPTP-D2s) bind and are proposed to regulate the membrane-proximal PTP domains (RPTP-D1s). We set out to characterize the interactions between RPTP-D1s and RPTP-D2s in vivo by co-immunoprecipitation of hemagglutinin-tagged fusion proteins encoding the transmembrane domain and RPTP-D1 and myc-tagged RPTP-D2. Seven RPTPs from four different subfamilies were used: RPTPalpha, RPTPepsilon, LAR, RPTPvarsigma, RPTPdelta, CD45, and RPTP(mu). We found that RPTP-D2s bound to RPTPs with different affinities. The presence of intrinsic RPTP-D2 altered the binding specificity toward other RPTP-D2s positively or negatively, depending on the identity of the RPTPs. Furthermore, the C terminus of RPTP-D2s and the "wedge" in RPTP-D1s played a central role in binding specificity. Finally, full-length RPTPalpha and LAR heterodimerized in an oxidative stress-dependent manner. Like RPTPalpha-D2, the LAR-D2 conformation was affected by oxidative stress, suggesting a common regulatory mechanism for RPTP complex formation. Taken together, interactions between RPTP-D1s and RPTP-D2s are a common but specific mechanism that is likely to be regulated. The RPTP-D2s and the wedge structures are crucial determinants of binding specificity, thus regulating cross-talk between RPTPs.

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