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Int Arch Allergy Immunol. 2002 Sep;129(1):93-6.

Identification of sequential IgE-binding epitopes on bovine alpha(s2)-casein in cow's milk allergic patients.

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  • 1Department of Pediatrics, Division of Allergy and Immunology, Jaffe Institute for Food Allergy, The Mount Sinai School of Medicine, 1 Gustave L. Levy Place, New York, NY 10029-6574, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Caseins are the major allergens responsible for cow's milk allergy (CMA). We have previously identified the IgE-binding epitopes of the major cow's milk (CM) proteins except for alpha(s2)-casein.

METHODS:

Overlapping decapeptides representing the entire length of alpha(s2)-casein were synthesized on a cellulose-derivatized membrane. Sera from 13 CM-allergic children, 4-15 years of age, with a median level of CM-specific IgE >100 kU/l (range 33.7 to > 100 kU/l) were used to identify IgE-binding epitopes.

RESULTS:

Four major and six minor sequential IgE-binding regions were identified on alpha(s2)-casein. The first major region is located in the middle of the protein at amino acids (AA) 83-100, and the other three major regions are located in the carboxy terminal portion of the protein at AA 143-158, 157-172 and 165-188. The minor IgE-binding regions were identified at AA 31-44, 43-56, 93-106, 105-114, 117-128, and 191-200.

CONCLUSION:

We identified 10 sequential IgE-binding regions on alpha(s2)-casein and performed the first crucial step in the development of immunotherapeutic interventions for CMA.

Copyright 2002 S. Karger AG, Basel

PMID:
12373003
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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