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Am J Pathol. 2002 Oct;161(4):1485-95.

Interferon-gamma augments CD95(APO-1/Fas) and pro-caspase-8 expression and sensitizes human vascular endothelial cells to CD95-mediated apoptosis.

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  • 1Interdepartmental Program in Vascular Biology and Transplantation, Boyer Center for Molecular Medicine, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut 06510, USA.

Abstract

We have examined the effects of interferon (IFN)-gamma on expression and function of CD95 (APO-1/Fas) and associated proteins in cultured human umbilical vein and dermal microvascular endothelial cells (HUVEC and HDMEC, respectively). Unstimulated cells express only low levels of CD95; IFN-gamma produces a time- and concentration-dependent increase of CD95 in both cell types at the mRNA and cell surface protein levels. IFN-gamma also produces an increase in expression of pro-caspase-8 (FLICE/MACH) but does not significantly change expression of either Fas-associated death domain (FADD) protein or cellular FLICE inhibitory protein (cFLIP), other proteins associated with the CD95 death-inducing signaling complex (DISC). Neither resting nor IFN-gamma-treated EC express detectable CD95L mRNA or protein. Untreated HUVEC and HDMEC show minimal apoptosis when transduced to express CD95L. Treatment of CD95L-transduced cells with IFN-gamma causes apoptosis within 24 to 36 hours that can be blocked by antagonistic anti-CD95 antibody or by the caspase-inhibitory peptide zVAD-FMK. The extent of apoptosis is increased by co-treatment with either the protein synthesis inhibitor cycloheximide or the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase inhibitor LY294002. Untransduced HUVEC treated with IFN-gamma also undergo CD95-initiated apoptosis when mixed with CD95L-transduced HUVEC or when incubated with pharmacologically activated cytolytic T lymphocytes. Overexpression of CD95 in HUVEC confers sensitivity to CD95L in the absence of IFN-gamma-treatment. We conclude that IFN-gamma induces sensitivity of endothelium to CD95L-mediated apoptosis, and that this response may result from increased expression of CD95 and/or pro-caspase-8.

PMID:
12368221
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC1867313
Free PMC Article

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