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Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen. 2002 Aug 20;122(19):1886-9.

[Sleep disorders and mental disorders].

[Article in Norwegian]

Author information

  • 1Forskningsinstituttet Modum Bad Postboks 60 3370 Vikersund. forsker@modum_bad.no

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Recent research has revealed a lot of the secrets of sleep and how sleep influences our daily life and mental functioning.

MATERIAL AND METHODS:

Current knowledge on the interaction between sleep disturbances and mental disorders is reviewed. The review is based on relevant literature identified by search in Medline and PsycInfo.

RESULTS:

Research shows that sleep as a psychobiological phenomenon interacts with the processes of mental disorders. The best evidence for interactions between sleep disturbances and mental problems is found in depression, and sleep disturbances over some weeks have been found to be a predictor for depressive disorders.

INTERPRETATION:

Clinicians must distinguish between primary chronic sleep disorders of functional origin and secondary sleep disorders as part of a psychiatric condition. The former category should be treated by non-pharmacological interventions, while the latter should be adequately treated in a biopsychosocial model.

PMID:
12362712
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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