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J Hypertens. 2002 Oct;20(10):2029-37.

Transendothelial transport of renin-angiotensin system components.

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  • 1Department of Pharmacology, Cardiovascular Research Institute COEUR, Erasmus Medical Center, Rotterdam, The Netherlands.



Vascular (interstitial) angiotensin (ANG) II production depends on circulating renin-angiotensin system (RAS) components. Mannose 6-phosphate (man-6-P) receptors and angiotensin II type 1 (AT(1)) receptors, via binding and internalization of (pro)renin and ANG II, respectively, could contribute to the transportation of these components across the endothelium.


To investigate the mechanism(s) contributing to transendothelial RAS component transport.


Human umbilical vein endothelial cells were cultured on transwell polycarbonate filters, and incubated with RAS components in the absence or presence of man-6-P, eprosartan or PD123319, to block man-6-P, AT(1) and angiotensin II type 2 (AT(2)) receptors, respectively.


Apically applied (pro)renin and angiotensinogen slowly entered the basolateral compartment, in a similar manner as horseradish peroxidase, a molecule of comparable size that reaches the interstitium via diffusion only. Prorenin transport was unaffected by man-6-P. Apical ANG I and ANG II rapidly reached the basolateral fluid independent of AT(1) and AT(2) receptors. Basolateral ANG II during apical ANG I application was as high as apical ANG II, whereas during apical ANG II application it was lower. During basolateral ANG I application, ANG II generation occurred basolaterally only, in an angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE)-dependent manner.


Circulating (pro)renin, angiotensinogen, ANG I and ANG II enter the interstitium via diffusion, and interstitial ANG II generation is mediated, at least in part, by basolaterally located endothelial ACE.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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