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Cancer Res. 2002 Oct 1;62(19):5571-9.

Expression of interleukin 8 and not parathyroid hormone-related protein by human breast cancer cells correlates with bone metastasis in vivo.

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  • 1Center for Orthopaedic Research, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Barton Research Institute, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Little Rock, Arkansas 72205, USA.

Abstract

Metastasis is the process by which tumor cells spread from their site of origin to distant sites after gaining access to the circulatory system. An understanding of the factors contributing to the metastatic potential of breast cancer cells to bone will enhance the prospect of developing new therapies that impede metastasis. In this study, we have used an in vivo selection scheme involving left cardiac ventricle injection into nude mice to identify a highly metastatic human breast cancer cell line (MDA-MET) from a less metastatic (MDA-231) parental cell line. In this model, tumor-bearing mice exhibit features similar to those associated with human metastatic bone disease such as osteolytic bone destruction. After inoculation, MDA-MET cells form devastating lesions within 4 weeks, whereas the parental cells do not, even after 10 weeks. In vitro, the MDA-MET cells have a similar growth rate to the parental MDA-231 cells yet demonstrate distinct adhesive and invasive phenotypes. MDA-MET cells show increased early adhesion to type IV collagen and are significantly more invasive through Matrigel than MDA-231 cells. Analysis of the gene expression profile in the metastatic MDA-MET versus poorly metastatic MDA-231 cells identified relatively few genes whose expression was altered >2-fold. Of particular interest was the lack of parathyroid hormone-related protein (PTHrP) mRNA expression, which was supported at the protein level by immunoradiometric assay. These data support the idea that PTHrP is not predictive of the metastasis of human breast cancer to bone. Another important difference between the two cell lines was the elevated expression by MDA-MET cells of the cytokine IL-8. Reverse transcriptase-PCR and ELISA confirmed the increased expression of IL-8 in MDA-MET cells. In addition, IL-8 mRNA expression is also elevated in a variety of human cancer cell lines with different metastatic potential in vivo. These experiments suggest that the elevated expression of IL-8 (and not PTHrP) by MDA-MET cells is a phenotypic change that may be related to their enhanced ability to metastasize to the skeleton.

PMID:
12359770
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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