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Vet J. 2002 Jul;164(1):47-53.

Breed differences on the plasma availability of moxidectin administered pour-on to calves.

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  • 1Laboratorio de Farmacolog√≠a, Departamento de Fisiopatolog√≠a, Facultad de Ciencias Veterinarias, Universidad Nacional del Centro de la Provincia de Buenos Aires, 7000 - Tandil, Argentina.


The pharmacokinetic profile of avermectin and milbemycin compounds is affected by different drug- and host-related factors. This work reports the influence of cattle breeds on the plasma kinetics of moxidectin (MXD) after topical (pour-on) administration. Parasite-free Aberdeen Angus and Holstein calves were treated with a commercial MXD pour-on formulation at 500 microg/kg. Blood samples were collected over a period of 35 days post-treatment and the recovered plasma was analysed by high performance liquid chromatography using fluorescence detection. MXD was detected in plasma from two hours up to 35 days post-treatment in animals from both breeds. A slow MXD absorption and delayed peak plasma concentration were observed in Aberdeen Angus compared to Holstein calves. Significant lower systemic availability (expressed as AUC) (P<0.01) and peak plasma concentration (C(max)) (P<0.05) were also observed in Aberdeen Angus calves, although the plasma mean residence time (MRT) and elimination half-lives (T(1/2el)) of MXD in both breeds were similar. The pharmacokinetic differences observed between cattle breeds contribute to explain the variability in the pattern of clinical efficacy for pour-on administered endectocide compounds reported in different field trials.

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