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Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2002 Oct;43(10):3160-4.

A locus for autosomal dominant keratoconus: linkage to 16q22.3-q23.1 in Finnish families.

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  • 1Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Helsinki University Central Hospital, Helsinki, Finland.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

The estimated world-wide prevalence of keratoconus is 50 to 230 per 100,000 in the general population. Sporadic keratoconus is the leading cause of corneal transplantation surgery in Western countries. Positive family history has been reported in 6% to 8% of patients. The purpose of this study was to map the disease locus in 20 Finnish families with autosomal dominant keratoconus, each family having two or more affected members and with no other associated genetic disease.

METHODS:

DNA was extracted from blood samples, collected from 42 affected and 34 unaffected family members. Genomic DNA from patients and their parents, was typed for alleles of 292 polymorphic markers. A genome-wide screening was performed to localize the disease gene. Fluorescent markers were amplified by polymerase chain reaction and separated on an automated sequencer. Allele sizes were assigned to each family member, after which LOD scores were calculated.

RESULTS:

The disease locus was mapped to chromosome 16q, between the markers D16S2624 and D16S3090, with a maximum parametric multipoint LOD score of 4.10 and corresponding nonparametric score of 3.27 (NPL, P = 0.00006). Evidence from 20 families provided support for the linkage, consistent with a single locus for familial autosomal dominant keratoconus without heterogeneity.

CONCLUSIONS:

This study is the first genome-wide linkage study to map the keratoconus gene. The results suggest that the causative gene in keratoconus is located within the 16q22.3-q23.1 chromosomal region.

PMID:
12356819
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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