Display Settings:

Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
EMBO J. 2002 Oct 1;21(19):5057-68.

Binding of the PX domain of p47(phox) to phosphatidylinositol 3,4-bisphosphate and phosphatidic acid is masked by an intramolecular interaction.

Author information

  • 1MRC Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Hills Road, Cambridge CB2 2QH, UK.

Abstract

p47(phox) is a key cytosolic subunit required for activation of phagocyte NADPH oxidase. The X-ray structure of the p47(phox) PX domain revealed two distinct basic pockets on the membrane-binding surface, each occupied by a sulfate. These two pockets have different specificities: one preferentially binds phosphatidylinositol 3,4-bisphosphate [PtdIns(3,4)P(2)] and is analogous to the phophatidylinositol 3-phosphate (PtdIns3P)-binding pocket of p40(phox), while the other binds anionic phospholipids such as phosphatidic acid (PtdOH) or phosphatidylserine. The preference of this second site for PtdOH may be related to previously observed activation of NADPH oxidase by PtdOH. Simultaneous occupancy of the two phospholipid-binding pockets radically increases membrane affinity. Strikingly, measurements for full-length p47(phox) show that membrane interaction by the PX domain is masked by an intramolecular association with the C-terminal SH3 domain (C-SH3). Either a site-specific mutation in C-SH3 (W263R) or a mimic of the phosphorylated form of p47(phox) [Ser(303, 304, 328, 359, 370)Glu] cause a transition from a closed to an open conformation that binds membranes with a greater affinity than the isolated PX domain.

PMID:
12356722
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC129041
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk