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Anal Chem. 2002 Sep 15;74(18):4653-61.

Dissociation of multiple protein ion charge states following a single gas-phase purification and concentration procedure.

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  • 1Department of Chemistry, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana 47907-1393, USA.


The formation of a range of precursor ion charge states from a single concentrated and purified charge state, followed by activation of each charge state, is introduced as a means to obtain more protein structural information than is available from dissociation of a single charge state alone. This approach is illustrated using off-resonance collisional activation of the [M + 8H]8+ to [M + 6H]6+ precursor ions of the bacteriophage MS2 viral coat protein following concentration and purification of the [M + 8H]8+ charge state. This range of charge states was selected on the basis of an ion trap collisional activation study of the effects of precursor ion charge state on the dissociation of the [M + 12H]12+ to [M + 5H]5+ ions. Gas-phase ion/ion proton-transfer reactions and the ion parking technique were applied to purify and concentrate selected precursor ion charge states as well as to simplify the product ion spectra. The high-charge-state ions fragment preferentially at the N-terminal side of proline residues while the product ion spectra of the lowest charge states investigated are dominated by C-terminal aspartic acid cleavages. Maximum structural information is obtained by fragmentation of the intermediate-charge states.

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