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J Biol Chem. 2002 Nov 29;277(48):46159-65. Epub 2002 Sep 21.

Identification of motifs in the fasciclin domains of the transforming growth factor-beta-induced matrix protein betaig-h3 that interact with the alphavbeta5 integrin.

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  • 1Cell and Matrix Biology National Research Laboratory, Department of Biochemistry, Kyungpook National University School of Medicine, Taegu 700-422, Korea.

Abstract

betaig-h3 is a TGF-beta-induced matrix protein known to mediate the adhesion of several cell types. In this study, we found that all four of the fas-1 domains in betaig-h3 mediate MRC-5 fibroblast adhesion and that this was specifically inhibited by a function-blocking monoclonal antibody specific for the alphavbeta5 integrin. Using deletion mutants of the fourth fas-1 domain revealed the MRC-5 cell adhesion motif (denoted the YH motif) is located in amino acids 548-614. Experiments with substitution mutants showed that tyrosine 571, histidine 572, and their flanking leucine and isoleucine amino acids, which are all highly conserved in many fas-1 domains, are essential for mediating MRC-5 cell adhesion. A synthetic 18-amino acid peptide encompassing these conserved amino acids could effectively block MRC-5 cell adhesion to betaig-h3. Using HEK293 cells stably transfected with the beta5 integrin cDNA, we confirmed that the alphavbeta5 integrin is a functional receptor for the YH motif. In conclusion, we have identified a new alphavbeta5 integrin-interacting motif that is highly conserved in the fas-1 domains of many proteins. This suggests that fas-1 domain-containing proteins may perform their biological functions by interacting with integrins.

PMID:
12270930
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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