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Aliment Pharmacol Ther. 2002 Oct;16(10):1811-7.

Effects of rabeprazole, lansoprazole and omeprazole on intragastric pH in CYP2C19 extensive metabolizers.

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  • 1Department of Internal Medicine, Tokyo Women's Medical University, Daini Hospital, Japan.



To investigate the inhibitory effects on gastric acid secretion of three proton pump inhibitors, omeprazole, lansoprazole and rabeprazole, using a three-way crossover design in healthy Helicobacter pylori-negative,S-mephenytoin 4'-hydroxylase (CYP2C19) homo- and hetero-extensive metabolizers.


Eight healthy Japanese male volunteers were enrolled. After the administration of rabeprazole (10 mg/day), lansoprazole (30 mg/day) or omeprazole (20 mg/day), intragastric pH monitoring was commenced from 24 h before the first proton pump inhibitor dose, and continued for days 1-3 after proton pump inhibitor administration. The pH electrode was used for 48 h and changed just before pH monitoring on day 2.


For the administration of 10 mg/day rabeprazole, the mean ratios of the 24-h pH > or = 3 holding time were 5.7 +/- 1.1%,13.6 +/- 2.2%, 35.3 +/- 2.7% and 62.8 +/- 3.1% for the pre-treatment day and days 1, 2 and 3, respectively. The same ratios for lansoprazole (30 mg/day) were 5.7 +/- 0.7%, 7.4 +/- 1.5%, 13.6 +/- 3.4% and 26.6 +/- 4.9%; the same ratios for 20 mg/day omeprazole were 5.9 +/- 0.9%, 6.1 +/- 1.2%, 11.4 +/- 2.8% and 16.4 +/- 4.6%. The mean ratio of the 24-h pH > or = 3 holding time of days 1-3 increased significantly compared to the pre-treatment day (P < 0.01) with the administration of rabeprazole and lansoprazole. The magnitude of inhibition of gastric acid secretion after rabeprazole administration was stronger than that after lansoprazole. A significant elevation of the mean ratio of the 24-h pH > or = 3 holding time was demonstrated on days 2 and 3 with omeprazole (P < 0.01).


In H. pylori-negative CYP2C19 extensive metabolizers, rabeprazole (10 mg/day) shows a faster onset of rising intragastric pH and a stronger inhibition of gastric acid secretion than do lansoprazole (30 mg/day) or omeprazole (20 mg/day).

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