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Plant Cell. 1994 Sep;6(9):1311-1317.

A Light-Dependent Pathway for the Elimination of UV-Induced Pyrimidine (6-4) Pyrimidinone Photoproducts in Arabidopsis.

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  • 1Division of Biological Sciences, Section of Plant Biology, University of California, Davis, California 95616.


Light-dependent repair of UV-induced cyclobutane pyrimidine dimers (CPDs) and pyrimidine (6-4) pyrimidinone dimers (6-4 products) was investigated in an excision repair-deficient Arabidopsis mutant. As previously described, exposure to broad-spectrum lighting was found to greatly enhance the rate of repair of CPDs. We demonstrate that 6-4 products are also efficiently eliminated in a light-dependent manner and that this photoreactivation of 6-4 products occurs independently of the previously described 6-4 product dark repair pathway. The light-dependent repair of both 6-4 products and CPDs occurs in the presence of blue light (435 nm) but not upon exposure to light of longer wavelengths. We also found that high-level expression of the CPD-specific photoreactivating activity in the Arabidopsis seedling requires induction by exposure to light prior to as well as during the period of repair while the 6-4 photoreactivating activity is constitutively expressed. This differential regulation of the photoreactivating activities suggests that the Arabidopsis seedling produces at least two distinct photolyases: one specific for CPDs and the other specific for 6-4 products.

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