Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Biol Chem. 2002 Nov 15;277(46):44292-9. Epub 2002 Sep 15.

Interaction of HCF-1 with a cellular nuclear export factor.

Author information

  • 1Department of Microbiology and the Kaplan Comprehensive Cancer Center, New York University School of Medicine, New York, New York 10016, USA.


HCF-1 is a cellular protein required by VP16 to activate the herpes simplex virus (HSV) immediate-early genes. VP16 is a component of the viral tegument and, after release into the cell, binds to HCF-1 and translocates to the nucleus to form a complex with the POU domain protein Oct-1 and a VP16-responsive DNA sequence. This VP16-induced complex boosts transcription of the viral immediate-early genes and initiates lytic replication. In uninfected cells, HCF-1 functions as a coactivator for the cellular transcription factors LZIP and GABP and also plays an essential role in cell proliferation. VP16 and LZIP share a tetrapeptide HCF-binding motif recognized by the beta-propeller domain of HCF-1. Here we describe a new cellular HCF-1 beta-propeller domain binding protein, termed HPIP, which contains a functional HCF-binding motif and a leucine-rich nuclear export sequence. We show that HPIP shuttles between the nucleus and cytoplasm in a CRM1-dependent manner and that overexpression of HPIP leads to accumulation of HCF-1 in the cytoplasm. These data suggest that HPIP regulates HCF-1 activity by modulating its subcellular localization. Furthermore, HPIP-mediated export may provide the pool of cytoplasmic HCF-1 required for import of virion-derived VP16 into the nucleus.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk