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Plant Physiol. 1994 May;105(1):191-197.

Nitrogen Use within the Growing Leaf Blade of Tall Fescue.

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  • 1Department of Agronomy, University of Missouri, Columbia, Missouri 65211.

Abstract

Leaf elongation rate (LER) of grasses depends on N supply and is expressed mostly through cell production, whereas most N in mature leaf tissues is chloroplastic. Our objective was to evaluate a possible competition for N between cell production and chloroplast development processes, utilizing the gradient of cell development along the leaf growth zone of tall fescue (Festuca arundinacea Schreb.). Under the two contrasting N regimes, total N content was highest in the cell production zone, declined sharply as cells elongated, and remained relatively constant in more distal positions, at values close to those measured in mature tissues. A similar pattern was found for N in proteins and nucleic acids that were not soluble in 80% ethanol. Content of N compounds soluble in 80% ethanol was higher in the cell production and elongation zones than in mature parts of the leaf. NO3- N content was low in the cell production zone and increased in the cell elongation zone for high-N plants. The deposition rate of total N in the growth zone was much higher with plants in high N than in those shifted to no N. For both N regimes, most N was deposited during cell production and early cell elongation. Little N was deposited during cell maturation where ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase/oxygenase (Rubisco) was being actively synthesized. This suggests that synthesis of Rubisco, and probably other chloroplastic proteins, occurs largely from recycling of N that was previously incorporated into proteins during cell production. Thus, Rubisco content in mature tissues is more closely associated with N deposited during cell production than with N deposited during its biosynthesis.

PMID:
12232198
[PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
PMCID:
PMC159345
Free PMC Article
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