Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Plant Physiol. 2002 Sep;130(1):128-37.

An endoplasmic reticulum-bound Ca(2+)/Mn(2+) pump, ECA1, supports plant growth and confers tolerance to Mn(2+) stress.

Author information

  • 1Department of Cell Biology and Molecular Genetics, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland 20742, USA.


Plants can grow in soils containing highly variable amounts of mineral nutrients, like Ca(2+) and Mn(2+), though the mechanisms of adaptation are poorly understood. Here, we report the first genetic study to determine in vivo functions of a Ca(2+) pump in plants. Homozygous mutants of Arabidopsis harboring a T-DNA disruption in ECA1 showed a 4-fold reduction in endoplasmic reticulum-type calcium pump activity. Surprisingly, the phenotype of mutant plants was indistinguishable from wild type when grown on standard nutrient medium containing 1.5 mM Ca(2+) and 50 microM Mn(2+). However, mutants grew poorly on medium with low Ca(2+) (0.2 mM) or high Mn(2+) (0.5 mM). On high Mn(2+), the mutants failed to elongate their root hairs, suggesting impairment in tip growth processes. Expression of the wild-type gene (CAMV35S::ECA1) reversed these conditional phenotypes. The activity of ECA1 was examined by expression in a yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae) mutant, K616, which harbors a deletion of its endogenous calcium pumps. In vitro assays demonstrated that Ca(2+), Mn(2+), and Zn(2+) stimulated formation of a phosphoenzyme intermediate, consistent with the translocation of these ions by the pump. ECA1 provided increased tolerance of yeast mutant to toxic levels of Mn(2+) (1 mM) and Zn(2+)(3 mM), consistent with removal of these ions from the cytoplasm. These results show that despite the potential redundancy of multiple Ca(2+) pumps and Ca(2+)/H(+) antiporters in Arabidopsis, pumping of Ca(2+) and Mn(2+) by ECA1 into the endoplasmic reticulum is required to support plant growth under conditions of Ca(2+) deficiency or Mn(2+) toxicity.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk