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Plant Physiol. 1996 Mar;110(3):807-815.

Peroxygenase-Catalyzed Fatty Acid Epoxidation in Cereal Seeds (Sequential Oxidation of Linoleic Acid into 9(S),12(S),13(S)-Trihydroxy-10(E)-Octadecenoic Acid).

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  • 1Department of Medical Biochemistry and Biophysics, Division of Physiological Chemistry II, Karolinska Institutet, S-171 77 Stockholm, Sweden.


Peroxygenase-catalyzed epoxidation of oleic acid in preparations of cereal seeds was investigated. The 105,000g particle fraction of oat (Avena sativa) seed homogenate showed high peroxygenase activity, i.e. 3034 [plus or minus] 288 and 2441 [plus or minus] 168 nmol (10 min)-1 mg-1 protein in two cultivars, whereas the corresponding fraction obtained from barley (Hordeum vulgare and Hordeum distichum), rye (Secale cereale), and wheat (Triticum aestivum) showed only weak activity, i.e. 13 to 138 nmol (10 min)-1 mg-1 protein. In subcellular fractions of oat seed homogenate, peroxygenase specific activity was highest in the 105,000g particle fraction, whereas lipoxygenase activity was more evenly distributed and highest in the 105,000g supernatant fraction. Incubation of [1-14C]linoleic acid with the 105,000g supernatant of oat seed homogenate led to the formation of several metabolites, i.e. in order of decreasing abundance, 9(S)-hydroxy-10(E),12(Z)-octadecadienoic acid, 9(S),12(S),13(S)-trihydroxy-10(E)-octadecenoic acid, cis-9,10-epoxy-12(Z)-octadecenoic acid [mainly the 9(R),10(S) enantiomer], cis-12,13-epoxy-9(Z)-octadecenoic acid [mainly the 12(R),13(S) enantiomer], threo-12,13-dihydroxy-9(Z)-octadecenoic acid, and 12(R),13(S)-epoxy-9(S)-hydroxy-10(E)-octadecenoic acid. Incubation of linoleic acid with the 105,000g particle fraction gave a similar, but not identical, pattern of metabolites. Conversion of linoleic acid into 9(S),12(S),13(S)-trihydroxy-10(E)-octadecenoic acid, a naturally occurring oxylipin with antifungal properties, took place by a pathway involving sequential catalysis by lipoxygenase, peroxygenase, and epoxide hydrolase.

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