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Plant Physiol. 1997 Oct;115(2):753-761.

A Vacuole-Associated Annexin Protein, VCaB42, Correlates with the Expansion of Tobacco Cells.

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  • 1Department of Biology, Indiana University-Purdue University at Indianapolis, 723 West Michigan Street, Indianapolis, Indiana 46202-5132.


A Ca-dependent membrane-binding protein of the annexin family, VCaB42, has previously been shown to associate with vacuolar vesicles at physiological levels of Ca. In this study we used suspension-cultured cells of tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum BY-2) to show that VCaB42 is enriched 4.5-fold in intact vacuoles, whereas evacuolated protoplasts show a 12-fold reduction in VCaB42. VCaB42 distribution is thus comparable to that of the vacuole-associated H+-ATPase but is distinct from the endoplasmic reticulum-localized protein calnexin. Because VCaB42 is a vacuole-associated annexin, and given the putative function of annexins in vesicle fusion, we hypothesize a role for this protein in the vacuolation process of expanding cells. Consistent with this hypothesis, we show that VCaB42 levels correlate with age-associated and hormonally induced changes in cell volume in tobacco suspension cultures. The association of VCaB42 with vacuoles and its correlative pattern of expression relative to the expansion of cells is consistent with a possible role for VCaB42 in the early events of vacuole biogenesis.

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