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J Craniofac Surg. 2002 Sep;13(5):645-9.

Maxillofacial traumas.

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  • 1Maxillo-facial Department of the University of Rome, La Sapienza, Rome, Italy.


Craniofacial traumas often involve the orbital region. This report describes an unusual case of penetration of an object into the left upper oral vestibule up to the left medial-upper orbital wall. The object was an indicator switch. A multidisciplinary approach was necessary to make a correct diagnosis and to apply the best surgical treatment. The object was surgically removed, and rigid internal fixation was used to reconstruct the inferior and medial orbital walls. The aesthetic and functional results were good. One year later, the patient showed a slight enophthalmos with normal ocular motility.

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