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Med Care. 2002 Sep;40(9):743-51.

Effect of managed care insurance on the use of preventive care for specific ethnic groups in the United States.

Author information

  • 1Institute for Health Policy Studies, Division of General Internal Medicine, San Francisco General Hospital, CA, USA. jhaas@itsa.ucsf.edu

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Ethnic disparities in access to health care is a persistent problem in the US. Despite the broad implementation of managed care, there is little information that specifically addresses how this type of coverage may affect ethnic disparities.

OBJECTIVES:

To examine the effect of managed care insurance on the use of preventive care for different ethnic groups.

RESEARCH DESIGN:

Observational cohort using the 1996 Medical Expenditure Panel Survey.

SUBJECTS:

Adults with health insurance who report their ethnicity as white, black, Hispanic, or Asian/Pacific Islander.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:

(1) Mammography within the past 2 years for women between 50 and 75 years of age; (2) clinical breast exam within the past 2 years for women between 40 and 75 years; (3) Papanicolaou smear within the past 2 years for women between 18 and 65 years; and (4) cholesterol screening within the past 5 years for men and women older than the age of 20 years.

RESULTS:

Hispanic people enrolled in a managed care plan report higher rates of mammography, breast exam, and Papanicolaou smear compared with Hispanic people with fee-for-service insurance. For example, the adjusted predicted probability of a mammogram for Hispanic women with managed care was 85.6% compared with 72.4% for Hispanic women with fee-for-service coverage (risk difference: 13.2%; 95% CI for the risk difference 0.7%-25.7%). White persons with managed care are also more likely than white persons with fee-for-service coverage to receive mammography and cholesterol screening. Managed care is not associated with less preventive care for any ethnic group.

CONCLUSIONS:

In this nationally representative household survey, it was found that managed care is associated with greater use of some preventive care for Hispanic persons and white persons than fee-for-service insurance. Despite a focus on prevention, the benefits of managed care are not apparent for black persons or Asian/Pacific Islanders.

PMID:
12218765
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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